Wednesday, 5 July 2017

Anti-Diabetic and Cardio-protective Medicinal Plant

Solanum surattense

Solanceae


Commonly known as febrifuge plant. It is perennial herbaceous plant distributed throughout world and many traditional uses. The plant consisted prominent nodes, young branches covered with numerous hairs, leaves are alternate, ovate, flowers purple color, fleshy berry fruits with numerous seeds.
Traditional it is used to fever, cough, asthma, diabetes, cardio-protective, diuretic, dropsy, leprosy, bronchitis, anticancer, lumbago, haemorrhoids and anti-pyretic. Leaves used to relieve pains in arthritis.
 Pharmacological activities: Anti-arthritis, Anti-inflammatory, hepatoprotective, anti-ucler, cardio stimulates, anti-filarial  and wound healing effects. 

Phytochemicla constituents: Alkaloids, sterols, saponins, flavanoids, glycosides, disogenin, campesterols, davcosterols, caffeic acids  and solasonine. 

The plant consisted high amount of solasodine, it is main compound to stimulated  and trigger to synthesis of cortisone, later to formation of sex hormones.

Tuesday, 4 July 2017

Wonderful Medicinal Plant on Earth

Costus speciosus

Costaceae ( Zingiberaceae)


Popularly know as Kemaka, Kushta and Crepe ginger. It is important medicinal and beautiful ornamental plant occurs in  the moist and wet evergreen areas of the Indo-Malayan and Srilanka region.
 C. speciosus is a succulent, erect, perennial, ornamental, herbaceous plant, root stock tuberous stem, thick creeping rhizomes. Leaves oblong-lancoelate, thick, spirally arrangement, flowers large, white, cone like terminal spikes with bright red bracts, lip with yellowish throat, fruits globosely trigonous.

C. speciosus has been successfully used in many health problems since a long time  and wide range of interest  for the research purposes to development of new drug discover. The plant parts has many medicinal uses, juice of rhizome applied to head cooling and relief for head-ache, leaves and stem decotions used to fever and dysentery.

Young stem used to against diarrhea, cough, cut, wounds, scabies, constipation, leprosy, skin diseases, asthma, arthritis, inflammation, bronchitis, anemia, interstinal warms, rash, nose pain, stop to vomiting s and  spermatorrhoea. Rhizomes used to astringet, cooling, aphrodisiac, purgative, antthelminthic, ferbrifuge, anti-fertility and potential antidiabetic.

Pharmacological activities: C.specious have many pharmacological activities, anti-oxidant, anti-diabetic, anti-inflammatory, anti-diuretic, anti-pyretic, analgesic, antistress, larvicidal, anti-stress, estrogenic, purgative, depurative, aphrodisiac, cooling, improve digestion, immunostumulatory, Hepatoprotetive, adaptogenic, spasmotytic, clears to cell toxins, anti-fertility, anabolic, anti-rheumatism, urinary diseases, cardiotonic, hydrochoretic and improving CNS activities.

Phytochemical constituents like .. Protodiscin, dioscin, cyloartanol, cycloartenol, octasonic acid, diosgenin, gracillin, cycloartanol, tigogenin, sistosterols, palmitic, stearic, oleic, linoleic acids and saponins- costusosides I and J.



Potential Anti-arthritis and Anti Cancer Medicinal Plant

Gloriosa superba

Family: Liliaceae




It is a indigenous medicinal plant , commonly known as golry lily and  potential activities to Anti-arthritis and Anti-cancer. G.superba is a herbaceous climbing perennial herb,leaves are alternate, flower bright,solitary at first greenish later yellow finally scarlet. Fruits capsule with many seeds. Plant rhizomes is mainly parts of medicines

In Ayurveda and Yunani medicine, the tuber is well known due to its pungent, bitter,acrid, heating, anti-helmintic, larative, atexiteric and antiabortion nature. It is widely used in treatment of ulcers, leprosy, anti-tumours, anti-arthritis, abdominal pains, infertility and skin problem.

Pharmacological activities: The traditional and clinical uses of G.superba for the treatment of familia mediterranean fever, gout, tumours, anti-bacterial, anti-fungal, blood disorders and anti-parasite.

In Ayurvedic pharmacopoeia recommends as a ecbolic, haemorrhoid, pain killer, anti-arthritis, anti-inflammatory and anti-cancer. Larger dosages usually result in poisoning and death of patients.

Phytochemicla constituents mainly Alkaloids, tannins, sterols, resinous, colchicocide, gloriosine and superbine.      
Colchine reduces the inflammation and relieves the pain associated acute gout. Colchine therapy diminishes the metabolic activity of leukocytes, resulting reduced phagocytosis of urate microcrystals, interrupting the cycle of new crystal deposition.