Friday, 30 June 2017

Medicinal Plant

Carissa caranadas

Family: Apocynaceae

Widely distributed throughout in India, evergreen deciduous shrub.Stem is a rich source of white latex and sharp spines on the branches, leaves are oblong and conical and rich source of chlorophyll contained,white flowers,fruits are berry's. Young fruits are pinkish white, while ripe fruits became red to dark purple.

Ethanopharamcological very significance plant. A wide range of phytochemicals that imparts immense medicinal values to the plant. it is active ingredient in a number of ayurvedic formulations and preparation, which includes: Marma gutika, Hridya mahakashaya, Kalkantaka rasa, Kshudrakarvanda and Marichadi.

C.carandas traditionally used to as a stomachic, anti-diarrheal, anti-helmintic, strengthen tendons, skin infections, leaves are remedy for fevers and syphilitic pains. it is used to anti-diabetic, anti-convulsant, anti-analgesic, anti-inflammatory, anti-cancer, anti-ulcers, anti-malarial, anti-nociceptive, anti-diuretic, anti-pyretic activities, cardiovascular and neuropharmalogical activities.

Some important phytochemical constituents like sesquterpens, lupeol, sistosterols, acridone, alkaloids, glycisides, betulinic acids, carisol and ursolic acid. 

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