Tuesday, 4 July 2017

Wonderful Medicinal Plant on Earth

Costus speciosus

Costaceae ( Zingiberaceae)

Popularly know as Kemaka, Kushta and Crepe ginger. It is important medicinal and beautiful ornamental plant occurs in  the moist and wet evergreen areas of the Indo-Malayan and Srilanka region.
 C. speciosus is a succulent, erect, perennial, ornamental, herbaceous plant, root stock tuberous stem, thick creeping rhizomes. Leaves oblong-lancoelate, thick, spirally arrangement, flowers large, white, cone like terminal spikes with bright red bracts, lip with yellowish throat, fruits globosely trigonous.

C. speciosus has been successfully used in many health problems since a long time  and wide range of interest  for the research purposes to development of new drug discover. The plant parts has many medicinal uses, juice of rhizome applied to head cooling and relief for head-ache, leaves and stem decotions used to fever and dysentery.

Young stem used to against diarrhea, cough, cut, wounds, scabies, constipation, leprosy, skin diseases, asthma, arthritis, inflammation, bronchitis, anemia, interstinal warms, rash, nose pain, stop to vomiting s and  spermatorrhoea. Rhizomes used to astringet, cooling, aphrodisiac, purgative, antthelminthic, ferbrifuge, anti-fertility and potential antidiabetic.

Pharmacological activities: C.specious have many pharmacological activities, anti-oxidant, anti-diabetic, anti-inflammatory, anti-diuretic, anti-pyretic, analgesic, antistress, larvicidal, anti-stress, estrogenic, purgative, depurative, aphrodisiac, cooling, improve digestion, immunostumulatory, Hepatoprotetive, adaptogenic, spasmotytic, clears to cell toxins, anti-fertility, anabolic, anti-rheumatism, urinary diseases, cardiotonic, hydrochoretic and improving CNS activities.

Phytochemical constituents like .. Protodiscin, dioscin, cyloartanol, cycloartenol, octasonic acid, diosgenin, gracillin, cycloartanol, tigogenin, sistosterols, palmitic, stearic, oleic, linoleic acids and saponins- costusosides I and J.

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